Settle To Market – What You Need To Know about STM

Settle to Market is a recent innovation in derivatives trading. It has helped banks reduce regulatory capital and derivatives exposures. We look at STM in detail and compare it to collateralisation. The CFTC have also issued guidance on the subject. What You Need To Know Settle to Market (STM) treats Variation Margin at CCPs as […]

FICC Markets Standards

Regulations can only take us so far in improving our markets. Industry Standards to cope with conflicts of interest are therefore being created by the FMSB and backed by all large market players. Swap-pricing tied to the issuance of new bonds is a complex area that the FMSB is creating Standards for. We take a […]

Current Exposure Methodology – What You Need To Know

The Current Exposure Methodology is a key part of Leverage Ratio calculations. It dates back to the late 1980s and the first Basel accords on banking capital. CEM calculates the Potential Future Exposure of a derivative trade using a look-up table based on Asset Class and Maturity. CEM is a very simple, notional-based measure of […]

Segregated Funds, Market Crashes & Under-Seg

Today I want to look briefly at the reported solvency of FCM’s during the most recent market panic. Back on February 5th of this year, the US equities market suffered a volatile day and significant losses. The Dow Jones index had its worst ever one-day loss in terms of points (down 1,175), and other indices […]

OCC Quarterly Report on Bank Derivatives Activities

Our regular readers will know that the Clarus Blog focuses on Derivatives and the new regulations introduced after the Financial Crisis of 2007-08. The massive increase in availability of data on OTC Derivatives markets is of great interest to us. However at times we are guilty of not paying enough attention to older data sources. […]

Bank Ring Fencing – What You Need to Know

Ring-fencing splits banks into deposit-taking institutions and investment banks. There is more than one way that this can be achieved. The European Commission has decided against ring-fencing. Large UK banks are required to ring-fence their deposit-taking operations from January 2019. The US may include some ring-fencing proposals as they look at financial reforms. Why Do […]

SA-CCR Calculator

SA-CCR for Excel calculates the Standardised Approach for Credit Risk Use it to reconcile your calculations Or assess the impact of moving to SA-CCR And perform pre-trade what-if analysis Free 14-day trials are available for all financial firms. Background In March 2014, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision published bcbs279, the Standardised Approach for measuring Counterparty […]

Capital and RWA for European Banks

Following on from my recent Capital Ratios and Risk Weighted Assets for Tier 1 US Banks article I wanted to look at the equivalent metrics from European Banks. Background One of the lessons learned from the Great Financial Crisis was that Banks were generally under capitalised commensurate to their risk exposure, leading to new Basel III regulations […]